For the majority of the season, the fruit quality was excellent. The movement was steady, and shippers managed to hold prices fairly steady. The crop size, however, proved challenging as the season drew on. The 2020–21 season may go down in the history books as one of the longest, which would later have impacts on the size of the following season’s crop and, more immediately, the start of the Valencia season. There were growers whose fruit was not picked. At the same time, growers’ costs were skyrocketing.
There were unprecedented challenges across the supply chain with transportation and shipping logistics. The China market failed to recover following the Trump era trade disputes that were not resolved despite the China Phase 1 Agreement.
Despite these adversities, shippers held prices above where they were at the beginning of 2020 when prices were crashing, and the market was oversupplied. Relative to where the industry was at that time, and given the dynamics of the season, the 2020–21 season was generally favorable for the California citrus industry.
In addition, the report indicated that according to an industry survey conducted by CCM in September 2021, California citrus grower costs for the 2020–21 season increased by nearly $1,000 per acre. This represents a 19% increase since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The two largest cost drivers were water and shipping. The spot market for surface water had increased 400% and in many cases was not available at all. Shipping costs were up as much as 380% since the start of the pandemic due to the limited supply of containers and delays at ports around the world.
See the full 2020–21 Final California Citrus Season Perspective report here.