Almond Board Announces Bee Management Practices

Taylor Hillman Almond Update, General, Specialty Crops, Tree, nut & vine crops

As part of an ongoing commitment to honey bee health, the Almond Board of California released today a comprehensive, set of Honey Bee Best Management Practices (BMPs) for California’s almond industry.

Developed with a wide array of input from sources including the almond community, beekeepers, researchers, California and U.S. regulators, and chemical registrants, the BMPs represent the Board’s most extensive educational documents to date to ensure that almond orchards are and remain a safe and healthy place for honey bees. The documents lay out simple, practical steps that almond growers can take together with beekeepers and other pollination stakeholders to protect and promote bee health on their land and in the surrounding community.
Today’s release builds on decades of work by the almond industry. Since 1995, the Almond Board of California has invested almost $1.6 million – more than any other crop – on research related to honey bee health, on subjects including Varroa mite and other honey bee pest and disease management, nutrition and honey bee forage, impact of pesticides, and technical assistance for beekeepers. Almond orchards are often honey bees first source of natural pollen after the winter, and honey bee hives routinely leave the almond orchard stronger than they arrived.[1]

“Nobody is a bigger fan of honey bees than almond growers. Without bees, there would be no almonds. And without almonds, bees would lose a vital source of nutritious natural pollen,” said Richard Waycott, CEO of the Almond Board of California. “These Best Management Practices are another significant milestone in our decades-long commitment to protect bee health and preserve that mutually beneficial relationship.”

“With these Best Management Practices, the Almond Board is responding strongly on honey bee health and, in particular, pesticide use and considerations during bloom,” said Dr. Eric Mussen, UC Davis Extension Apiculturist Emeritus. “Their recommendations actually go far beyond the almond orchard, providing important insights for all crops when it comes to promoting honey bee health.”
The BMPs emphasize the importance of communication among everyone involved in pollination, including beekeepers, bee brokers, farm owners/lessees, farm mangers, pest control advisers and applicators. The wide ranging recommendations include information on:
• Preparing for honey bee arrival;
• Assessing hive strength and quality;
• Providing clean water for bees to drink;
• Using Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies to minimize agricultural sprays;
• Removing honey bees from the orchard; and
• Addressing suspected pesticide-related honey bee losses

While experts have attributed honey bee health decline to a variety of factors including pests, decreasing sources of natural pollen, and lack of genetic diversity, the BMPs focus significantly on pesticide application practices and considerations during almond bloom – with lessons that apply to the multitude of other crops that rely on honey bees and that use pesticides and fungicides.[2] Among the specific recommendations:
1) There should be agreement between beekeeper and grower on a pesticide plan that outlines which pest control materials may be used.
2) Insecticide applications should be avoided at bloom until more is known about their impact on young developing bees in the hive (bee brood).
3) Tank mixing insecticides with fungicides should be avoided.
4) If fungicide application is needed during bloom, it should take place in the late afternoon and evening, when bees and pollen are not present. This avoids contaminating pollen with spray materials.
Along with the full Best Management Practices, today’s release includes a Honey Bee Best Management Practices Quick Guide for Almonds, and Applicator/Driver Honey Bee Best Management Practices Quick Guide for Almonds. The guide for applicators and drivers is available in both English and Spanish to ensure maximum accessibility and adoption. Each of the documents is available in full at

The new BMPs come just ahead of the annual California Association of Pest Control Advisers conference next week. The Almond Board has also planned a variety of outreach about the BMPs throughout the year to growers, pest control advisers, beekeepers, and other stakeholders.

Click here to view the complete guidelines

California Almond Hull Split
About California Almonds
California Almonds are a natural, wholesome and quality food product, making almonds California’s leading agricultural export in terms of value. The Almond Board of California promotes almonds through its research-based approach to all aspects of marketing, farming and production on behalf of the more than 6,000 California Almond growers and processors, many of whom are multi-generational family operations. Established in 1950 and based in Modesto, California, the Almond Board of California is a non-profit organization that administers a grower-enacted Federal Marketing Order under the supervision of the United States Department of Agriculture. For more information on the Almond Board of California or almonds, visit

[1] Ferris Jabr, “The Mind-Boggling Math of Migratory Beekeeping,” Scientific American , August 20 2013 –

2 USDA Report on the National Stakeholders Conference on Honey Bee Health