Agri View: Peanut Crop

Dan Agri View, General, Tree, nut & vine crops

peanut crop
Everett Griner talks about this year’s peanut crop production in today’s Agri View.

Peanut Crop

From National Peanut Board website

Peanut Country, U.S.A.

Where are peanuts grown in the United States?

peanut cropPeanuts are grown commercially in 15 states: Georgia, Texas, Alabama, North Carolina, Florida, Virginia, Oklahoma, New Mexico, South Carolina, Louisiana, Arizona, Arkansas, Mississippi, California, and Tennessee.

However, 11 major peanut producing states grow nearly all of the U. S. peanut crop.

In 2013, Georgia (44 percent) grew the largest proportion of all peanuts followed by Florida (nearly 13 percent), Alabama (12 and a half percent), Texas (nearly 10 percent), North Carolina (seven and a half percent), South Carolina (six percent), Mississippi (nearly three percent), and Virginia and Oklahoma each grew about one and a half percent. Together, Arkansas and New Mexico produced about one and a half percent of the U.S. peanut crop.

  • There are about 7,500 peanut farmers in the major peanut producing regions.

Major peanut producing states are grouped into three regions. For 2013, the Southeast region (Georgia-Florida-Alabama-Mississippi) grew about 72 percent of all USA-grown peanuts. The Virginia-Carolina region (Virginia-North Carolina-South Carolina) accounted for about 15 percent of all USA-grown peanuts. The Southwest region (Texas-Oklahoma-New Mexico-Arkansas) grew about 13 percent.

Where are peanuts grown around the world?

peanut crop exportsPeanuts are grown in the warm climates of Asia, Africa, Australia, and North and South America. The United States has about three percent of the world acreage of peanuts, but grows nearly 10 percent of the world’s crop because of higher yields per acre. The rest of the world’s peanut production comes mainly from Argentina, Brazil, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Sudan.

World peanut production totals about 29 million metric tons per year. The United States is the world’s third largest producer, after China and India. Worldwide peanut exports are about 1.25 million metric tons.

U.S. Exports

The United States is one of the world’s leading peanut exporters, with average annual exports of between 200,000 and 250,000 metric tons. In 2010 exports totaled more than $244.5 million, surpassing imports by roughly $212.1 million. (FAS)

The largest U.S. export market for U.S. peanuts in 2010 was Canada, which purchased peanuts valued at more than $80 million, followed by Mexico, which purchased peanuts valued at more than $54 million (FAS). The U.S. reputation for high-quality products has facilitated exports to countries in the European Union and others.

National Peanut Board Sources:

From YouTube

Murray Farms 2015 Peanut Harvest

Video series by Terry Presnal

This is a four part series of videos. Here we have part two where Murray Farms kicks off the 2015 peanut harvest by inverting the first field of the season. I videoed the planting of this same field earlier this year. The peanuts were planted with twin rows on 36″ spacing with RTK guidance. The peanuts are being inverted with a KMC six row inverter being pulled by a John Deere 8235R tractor.

and part 3 of the series Murray farms begins the final step of the peanut harvest. Picking or Combining the peanuts. This was delayed for almost two weeks from the time they were inverted due to rain. It rained everyday for a full week and was overcast for several more days thus keeping the pickers out of the field.

In this video two KMC 3376 six row peanut pickers are pulled by a John Deere 7830 and 8235R tractors. The KMC cart was being pulled by a John Deere 6150M tractor.

This is the same field that was filmed being planted and then inverted earlier this year. To see the whole process from beginning to harvest check out the whole series.